ECAT ENG T02February 8, 2020
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4. Although it’s not remotely frightening in the daylight, the estate takes on ______ quality at night.
DIRECTIONS: This part contains a passage. You are to read carefully. When answering the questions you be allowed to refer back to the passage. The questions are based on what is stated or implied.
What does it mean to say that we live in a world of persuasion? It means that we live among competing interests. Your roommate’s need to study for an exam may take priority over pizza. Your instructor may have good reasons not to change your grade. And the object of your romantic interest may, alas, have other options.
In such a world, persuasion is the art of getting others to give fair and favorable consideration to our point of view. When we persuade, we want to influence how others believe and behave. We may not always prevail-other points of view may be more persuasive, depending on the listener, the situation, and the merits of the case. But when we practice the art of persuasion, we try to ensure that our position receives the attention it deserves
Some people, however, object to the very idea of persuasion. They may regard it as an unwelcome intrusion into their lives or as a manipulation or domination. In contrast, we believe that persuasion is inevitable–to live is to persuade. Persuasion may be ethical or unethical, selfless or selfish, inspiring or degrading. Persuaders may enlighten our minds or prey on our vulnerability. Ethical persuasion, however, calls on sound reasoning and is sensitive to the feelings and needs of listeners. Such persuasion can help us apply the wisdom of the past to the decisions we now must make. Therefore, an essential part of education is learning to resist the one kind of persuasion and to encourage and practice the other.
Beyond its personal importance to us, persuasion is essential to society. The right to persuade and be persuaded is the bedrock of the American political system, guaranteed by the First Amendment to the Constitution.
5. What is the main idea of this passage?